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Wirkungen von Friedensförderung, Entwicklungszusammenarbeit und Militarisierung – Konzepte und Praxis in Afghanistan

Gabriele Zdunnek, Thomas Zitelmann

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The Impact of Peacebuilding, Development Cooperation and Militarization – Concepts and Practice. In this article the authors question whether and how far development cooperation and peacebuilding in crisis areas can contribute to the prevention or reduction of violence. They provide an overview of different approaches which aim to integrate conflict sensitivity as a crosscutting issue into the planning, implementation and evaluation of development projects and programs. It has become widely accepted that even if humanitarian aid and development cooperation contribute to the improvement of the socio-economic situation of target groups, they might, at the same time, (unintentionally) lead to increased tensions and the escalation of conflicts. Likewise, common components of peacebuilding – such as the reintegration of refugees or the demobilization of militias – might have a negative impact on individuals and groups. Using Afghanistan as an example, it is investigated whether and how methods of civil crisis management and conflict transformation are applied in practice and how civil-military cooperation is organized. The authors argue that development cooperation and humanitarian aid in Afghanistan have, so far, been largely conflict-insensitive and – contrary to numerous programmatic claims – there have been no systematic attempts to use instruments of civil conflict transformation and peacebuilding.