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Tourismus und Krieg: Warschau in deutschsprachigen Reiseführern aus der Besatzungszeit und auf Fotografien deutscher Soldaten aus dem Ersten und Zweiten Weltkrieg

Joanna Kalicka

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Abstract


Tourism and the war: Warsaw portrayed in German-language guidebooks from the Occupation period and in photographs taken by German soldiers in WW1 and WW2

Abstract

The paper discusses the visions of Warsaw created in the first half of the twentieth century in tourist guidebooks for German-speaking tourists, almost all of them published during the World Wars 1 and 2. The author has analysed the ways in which these different times in the history of the city and its particular districts were described and evaluated, as well as the purposes behind the publishing of these guidebooks – and their evolution in the course of almost thirty years. The first 'wartime guidebooks' were influenced by the hostility against the Russian oppressors who had ruled the city in the nineteenth century and by the desire to make profits on tourism. The narratives from the 1940s were determined by the Nazi propaganda and, consequently, focused on proving the Polish inferiority embodied in the chaotic urban space, and on stressing every single German trace in the city's landscape. The tourist discourses are furthermore confronted with pictures taken by German soldiers fighting in both World Wars. Those pictures show more similarities than the guidebooks’ narratives: the ruins (especially those caused by German bombardments in September 1939) and the dwellers (especially Jews) seemed more interesting to the soldiers than, for instance, Warsaw's historical monuments.

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Bibliographie: Kalicka, Joanna: Tourismus und Krieg: Warschau in deutschsprachigen Reiseführern aus der Besatzungszeit und auf Fotografien deutscher Soldaten aus dem Ersten und Zweiten Weltkrieg, JB historie, 1-2014, S. 192-223. https://doi.org/10.3224/jbh.v7i1.12


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