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Political leadership of South African statesmen: Jan Smuts and Nelson Mandela

Arkadiusz Żukowski

Abstract


Abstract

Leadership and the leaders in Africa have their own special characteristics following mostly from the historical and cultural determinants. It is claimed that Africa is suffering from a crisis of leadership and lack of good leaders. However, an example of the South African leaders (Jan Smuts and Nelson Mandela) contradicts this generally binding thesis and can make an exception that confirms that rule. Their political leadership results from specific personality traits and education. They constitute positive examples of fulfilling the leadership role in the national, African continent’s and global dimension.

Keywords: Political leadership – South Africa – Jan Smuts – Nelson Mandela

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Bibliography: Żukowski, Arkadiusz: Political leadership of South African statesmen: Jan Smuts and Nelson Mandela, PCS, 2-2013, pp. 146-157. https://doi.org/10.3224/pcs.v4i2.19802


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